Film or video is nothing more than a camera capturing different wavelengths of light. Lighting is crucial when making a film, and lights are what a cinematographer uses to paint a set. It is not only the most overlooked aspect of filming, but it is also the one thing that will change everything about your projects. Today we will walk you through five of the most common cinematography lighting techniques that can be used to film interviews, documentaries, narratives, or even studio commercials and portrait photography, but before that, let's understand why lighting is important in cinematography.
Lighting is essential in films for a few reasons: it tells the time of day, makes objects appear more lifelike, and can even convey the mood of a given moment. It is one of the most important aspects of a film production. If you do not have enough light on set when filming, you will probably end up with a lot of disappointing footage. With the basic cinematography lighting techniques, you can up the production value like you have never seen before. Proper cinematography lighting is fundamental to all filmmaking projects because it sets the mood and atmosphere and gives the audience a sense of meaning. So next time you are filming something, think about the message you are trying to convey and see if, by changing the position and technique, you can transform your image. Whether you are shooting outdoors or indoors, utilizing some of these techniques, regardless of your budget, will take your cinematography to the next level.
The key light is the main light that is used to illuminate our subject. You can use these lights to accentuate the firmness and depth of on-screen subjects. If you want to eliminate all shadows and dark areas from the frame, then go for high-key lighting. It is often used in sitcoms, comedies, romantics, and beauty broadcasts as it conveys a positive and happy emotion. Choose the low-key lighting setup if you are planning on shooting thrillers, horror, scarier, and more intense scenes. Using this light can help a subject pop within a scene. If you do not have any idea about lighting, professional services can be availed remotely or by visiting the best production house in Delhi.
The lighting techniques in film are just as important as the camera quality and the actors. Fill light is designed to fill in the shadows left behind by the key and is often positioned on the opposite side of your subject's face from the key. These are used to supplement the key lights, balance out the more contrasting parts of the scene, and eliminate unwanted shadows. The main objective with this light is to keep it gentle rather than harsh like your key light. This is particularly needed when lighting faces to even out lighting ratios and avoid an overly dramatic look. More fill will give a flatter look, while less fill will give you higher contrast lighting, which can fit well in a dramatic scene. This lighting technique can be used both in large-budget films and by independent filmmakers as well.
Soft lighting is the “pretty” way to light a scene or subject, but it has many more uses in the world of film. It can be flattering, dreamy, dramatic, and romantic. "Softening light" refers to any technique that makes your light source create softer shadow falloff and create fewer hot spots in reflection. Soft light results in lower contrast, lower texture, and smoother-looking images. If you want to make light appear softer, then move the fixture closer to your subject or make the light source larger by diffusing it. There are so many types of lights out there, and it can be challenging to choose the right one for you. Having professional recording studio equipment will add amazing shape and dimensionality to your images.
Hard lights are often bright lights that cast harsh shadows and draw attention to specific parts of a figure or a scene, like in an interrogation scene or a theater monologue. The defining characteristic of hard light is sharp shadows and more contrast, and it is generally used for intense scenes and dramatic effects. As a general rule of thumb, there are two things that make lighting harder: when the picture is smaller relative to your subject and when it is farther away from your subject. These lights reveal far more texture than soft light. With the help of film lighting equipment, it is possible to combine hard and soft light in the same image. It is the kind of light that should be added moderately, without fanaticism.
Rim light, also called backlight or "hair light," is a lighting technique where the image subject is backlit and the image is exposed to hide the subject's features in shadow. It is often the most powerful light source on set and has the highest exposure. Backlighting is used to create a third dimension in a scene and has a special job that allows you to separate your subjects from the background. If you want to create a strong reflection off the subject's contours so you get a highlight around the edge of the figure, then back lights can be placed somewhere behind the subject with or without the modifier. Make sure you are going to implement these film lighting techniques in your videography to achieve a cinematic look.